- In 2012 Gazprom earmarked RUB 35.25 billion for environmental protection purposes
- In 2012 Gazprom Group saved 2.18 million t of fuel equivalent
Gazprom runs its business in compliance with the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation, commonly accepted international principles and OAO Gazprom Environmental Policy based on such principles. In 2011 the Board of Directors approved the amended OAO Gazprom Environmental Policy and recommended that Gazprom Group companies adhere to it.
Environmental impact mitigation and natural resource conservation are the mainstays of OAO Gazprom’s environmental activities. This is proved by the fact that despite an annually increasing scope of operations, the environmental impact made by OAO Gazprom subsidiary companies remains stably low and keeps declining as measured by a number of indicators.
Gazprom pays great attention to preventive environmental protection measures: the Environmental Inspectorate is operational in OAO Gazprom, all corporate project documents are reviewed by OAO Gazprom’s environmental experts.
Gazprom has the Environmental Management System that passed a certification procedure for the international ISO 14001:2004 standard compliance. Det Norske Veritas, an independent certification body, conducted the certification audit. OAO Gazprom Coordinating Committee for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency ensures the implementation of the corporate Environmental Policy and conducts the comprehensive evaluation of the Company’s environmental activities.
In 2012 Gazprom and its wholly owned subsidiary companies reduced air emissions by 31 thousand t compared to 2011, including the reduction of carbon oxide emissions by 30.6 thousand t (by 7%).
In 2012 Gazprom Group spent RUB 35.25 billion on environmental protection, which is 43% more compared to 2011 (RUB 24.6 billion). In particular, Gazprom Group’s capital expenditures on nature conservation and sound environmental management grew by 31.7% versus 2011 to RUB 12.9 billion. The Group’s operational expenditures for environmental protection rose by 63.4% versus 2011 to RUB 7.12 billion.
Gazprom’s energy conservation policy generally aims to reduce gas losses and process gas consumption, enhance and optimize operating modes of process facilities as well as introduce new energy saving technologies.
Through the implementation of the corporate Energy Saving Program for the period from 2002 to 2010 Gazprom’s fuel and energy resource savings totaled 29.8 million t of fuel equivalent, including 25 billion m3 of natural gas and some 3 billion kWh of electricity. The main energy saving effect (over 85%) was achieved in gas transmission, while the economic effect reached RUB 24.4 billion.
At present, the Company executes the 2011–2013 Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Improvement Program, where the aggregate fuel and energy savings are expected to reach 6.4 million t of fuel equivalent.
In 2012 the total amount of saved fuel and energy resources in Gazprom’s wholly owned subsidiaries made up another 2.18 million t of fuel equivalent. Just like in the previous years, the most considerable fuel and energy resource saving effect was observed in gas transmission.
Associated petroleum gas (APG) utilization by Gazprom Group increased to some 70% in 2012 showing an upward trend. At present, APG account for some 1.6% of the gas produced by the Group.
In December 2010 the Company adopted the 2011–2020 Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Improvement Concept.
The Concept is primarily aimed at the maximum use of energy saving potential in any activity, thus reducing the environmental impact. This objective will be met through the cutting-edge technologies and equipment application as well as the energy saving management streamlining.
Natural gas represents the most acceptable alternative to petroleum fuels due to its economic, resource and environmental characteristics. Compressed (pressurized) and liquefied natural gas used as a fuel enables to significantly enhance the cost effectiveness of road and railway transport and mitigate its environmental impacts.
At present, the Russian fleet of natural gas vehicles (NGV) is made up of nearly 86 thousand units, with 4.6% owned by Gazprom. The global NGV fleet exceeds 15 million units.
In 58 Russian Federation regions there are 246 CNG filling stations with an overall annual capacity made great 2 billion m3. Gazprom Group owns 210 CNG filling stations, of which three are located abroad (two in Germany and one in the Czech Republic). In addition, another CNG filling station is being built in the Kaliningrad Region. At present, NGV refuelling capacities are being pushed to Eastern Siberia and the Far East. CNG filling stations have been built in Bratsk. A methane filling station is being designed in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. CNG filling stations are planned to be constructed in Khabarovsk, Blagoveshchensk, Vladivostok and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
According to preliminary estimates, 390 million m3 of compressed natural gas was sold through Russian CNG filling stations in 2012, which is 28.4 million m3 more than in 2011.
For over a decade Gazprom has been purposefully working on the promotion of gas as a motor fuel in Russia and the conversion of various vehicle types to natural gas. The Company is an absolute leader in the domestic NGV market that consistently displays apparent and sustainable growth.
Starting from 2012, Gazprom made great efforts to expand the Russian NGV market. With a view to step up the development of regional NGV markets from 2012, Gazprom has included projects for CNG filling station construction and motor vehicle conversion to natural gas into the Gasification Program. In 2013 investments will amount to RUB 1 billion.
With a view to systematize the Company’s efforts in this area, a special-purpose company – Gazprom Gazomotornoye Toplivo – was set up. The company will consolidate all the core assets related to the NGV fuel production and sales.